Eslam Jawad, a Syrian-Lebanese musician with this melodious number:
Jordan takes its name from the River Jordan, and has stood at the crossroads of ancient civilisations and three continents for millennia. The earliest archaeological evidence of human settlement goes as far back as 250,000 years, since Palaeolithic times.
|The ruins of Jerash. First established in the 4th century BCE, either |
by Alex G or his general Perdiccas.
By 2000 BCE, nomadic Amonite tribes had established the kingdoms of Moab, Edom and Amon - all three find mention in the Bible and Ancient Egyptian papyri. Control over these territories passed back and forth from ancient Akkadians, Assyria, Egypt to Greece to Persia and Rome.
The Treasury Building. Petra. The Nabataeans
created this rock-cut city around 300 BCE and
originally called it Raqmu.
|The entrance to Petra is through this gorge known |
as the Siq. The Nabataeans were expert engineers
and great masters of water harvesting.
Later, Arab tribes from southern Arabia, the Nabataeans, came to settle in Jordan and created one of the most astounding cities – Petra; and an enduring empire which became the centrepoint of trade. This coexisted with Hellenistic kingdoms founded in the wake of Alexander the Great, the Greeks built cities like Philadelphia (Amman) and Geresa (Jerash) Gedara (Umm Qais) etc, before they were overthrown by the Romans in 63 CE.
|View from Mount Nebo. Moses is said to have been shown the |
Promised Land from this spot. The site is sacred to all three
|Byzantine Basilica, Amman. 5-6th century. Jordan is the site of |
some of the earliest churches in the world.
|Madaba Archaeological Park. Madaba is the site of the |
Church of Virgin Mary, dated to the 6th century.
|Mosaics from Madaba. Many of these mosaics were found under |
the floors of local houses, and restored.
|Aijloun. The site of another of Salahuddin's castles.|
|Wadi Rum. The locales for some major Hollywood magic |
including Lawrence of Arabia and Rogue One. Also a major
desert adventure tourist destination.
|The Dead Sea. Earth's lowest elevation on land. More than |
1400 ft below sea level.
|Ruins of Gedara, at Umm Qais. Also the site of the 'Gadarene |
swine' story of Jesus Christ's ministry in the Gospels.
Tourism is a cornerstone of its modern economy. Because of its importance to all three Abrahamic faiths, it is a significant pilgrimage destination. It is also a major medical tourism destination in the ME due to its well-developed health sector.
Did you know Jordan is among the top ten countries hosting refugees according to an Amnesty International report? As per AI, 10 nations host more than 56% of the refugees across the world, and they account for less than 2.5% of the global economy. Isn't that surprising? I certainly got a Jolt.
Posted for the A-Z Challenge 2017